TUESDAY, JANUARY 08, 2013
Posted by Dr. Taylor Marshall
Then Cardinal Ratzinger Before Celebrating the Latin Mass
By now it's no secret that I attend the Latin Mass and that I am the Chancellor of a College that offers the Latin Mass seven days a week - Fisher More College. However, I've not always been partial to the Latin Mass. For a few years after my conversion to the Catholic Faith, I was cautiously curious about the the "old Mass." I perceived it as exotic, antiquarian, and even as a dangerous. Although I had some esteem for the "old liturgies," I was not convinced of the merits of the Latin Mass and the culture which, for better or worse, surrounds it.
My wife and I starting taking our family to the Latin Mass around Feast of the Ascension of 2010. Before we made this move, however, I had some serious misgivings about the Latin Mass, which we also call the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite. Our concerns were some of the common concerns that others still have and voice regularly. I cannot speak for everyone, but I'd like to go through my own personal misgivings about the Latin Mass and then explain how I overcame them, or, to be blunt, learned to live with them.
What caused our family to make the move?
A Personal Reflection
I truly believe that liturgical abuse is sinful, contrary to the will of God, and causes people to embrace poor theology. Lex credendi, lex orandi - the law of believe is the law of prayer. Yes, a Holy Mass is either valid or not. Don't here me saying that the Novus Ordo is invalid. By all means it is. But the Mass is like a diamond engagement ring. It's not enough that it be a real diamond. It must also have a gold ring and a proper setting if you want it to really shine and be appreciated.
There were a number of dissatisfactions, but the breaking point happened some time in early 2010. It was the straw that broke the camel's back.
The "Grover" Moment
Here I was entering into intimate Communion with the Divine Logos, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ Himself...but I was staring into the face of Grover from Sesame Street. Grover never bothered me before, but that day I was deeply bothered by Jim Henson's icon staring me in the face. Beautiful vestments had been instituted for a purpose. Up until now I did not appreciate how they prevented the faithful from coming into contact with Muppets during the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.
As I returned to my pew, I thought inwardly: "This is it! I just can't take it anymore. Things have to change Lord. I'm now desperate. I don't want my children to grow up with this perception of the one true Faith." I had seen worse things than this before, but for some reason the Grover moment broke me.
I was now ready to make full hearted foray into the Latin Mass community served by the FSSP (Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter - in union with the Holy Father, of course). Yet, I had a few pre-conceived notions against the Latin Mass and its adherents.
My Pre-Conceived Ideas
- "Modest clothing" which seems to be interpreted as "denim for the ladies" and "no denim for the men" paired with ubiquitous jumpers for moms and daughters, men with pants hemmed too short, 1950s haircuts, and "brown" as the most holy of all colors. Actually, make that "Carmelite brown."
Judgmental so that all outside their version of Catholicism are in need of "fraternal correction"
- Dour facial expressions: Sad, depressed, and/or angry
- Uneducated, yet obsessed with Latin
- Amish Catholics or Bunker Catholics, which means that we must bunker down, circle the wagons, and wait patiently for the Three Days of Darkness.
- Jansenists in theology, which means that they are really Catholic Calvinists who believe that human nature is totally depraved. St Thomas Aquinas rightfully taught that grace perfects nature. Jansenists hold that grace gets rid of that nasty nature.
Well, like all stereotypes, the traddy sterotype is greatly exaggerated but based on reality. Let me interject that my wife and I were braced for the worst but were pleasantly surprised. Yes, people did come up afterward and compliment our family. They were kind. They invited us to coffee. The priests were welcoming friendly and genuinely concerned for our souls. This last feature, the outstanding priests, is the key to all of this. We met young Catholic friends immediately - friends to this day. People were nice and friendly.
In true Thomistic fashion, let's examine each objection in order:
ad 1. "Modest clothing" which seems to be interpreted as "denim for the ladies" and "no denim for the men" paired with ubiquitous jumpers for moms and daughters, men with pants hemmed too short, 1950s haircuts, and "brown" as the most holy of all colors. Actually, make that "Carmelite brown."
My wife and I have learned that "modest" does not mean homely. It takes time, style, and even money to dress modestly and attractively. Are some people dressed in burlap jumpers? Not burlap, but there are some jumpers here and there. But that's just a tiny minority. Most men and women (and children) look pretty dignified. And to be quite honest, I'd much prefer to see a whole team of burlap jumper ladies than 19 year old girls with low cut tops, short-shorts, or "jeggings." If you're Catholic in the USA, you know exactly what I'm talking about. Which would you rather have?
ad 2. Judgmental so that all outside their version of Catholicism are in need of "fraternal correction"
Judgmentalism is a problem for any Catholic who is serious about his faith. Whenever we try hard to enter the narrow gate, we occasionally pause and pity all the souls taking the other path. Pity often gives way to resentment, especially when they're having so much fun on the other path. Is there an inordinate amount of judgmentalism or Pharisaism in Latin Mass circles? Yes, it's certainly there. However, I don't think that Latin Masses causes judgmentalism. I think it's because the Latin Mass attracts religious people and the devil tempts the religiously minded with pride. The devil knows he's not going to tempt Mrs Latin Mass to strut around in a tight sweater and jeggings. No, he has different plans for the religious. Pride is his powerful temptation for the devout.
ad 3. Bishop-bashers, which means that we must police the behavior of bishops and post their faults online.
Honestly, people I know love and pray for their bishop regularly. You hear some bishop bashing here and there; however, I heard it all the time in the Novus Ordo parishes, as well. I really don't think that Latin Mass adherents are big bishop-bashers.
ad 4. Dour facial expressions: Sad, depressed, and/or angry
Now was everyone at the Latin Mass so friendly and cordial? No, of course not. There were a few ladies of advanced years that gave mean looks to my wife when our little ones interrupted - but that happened even at the Novus Ordo. Most people were happy and accepting. It's very common to see older women, teenage girls, or even other mothers take the infants of other mothers during Holy Mass to help them out. I haven't seen it anywhere else. There is true team work among Latin Mass ladies.
As for the men, they're just guys. Knights of Columbus. Sports. Dads. Just men. I have noticed that Latin Mass men universally own guns and are into hunting. Good features in my book.
ad 5. Uneducated, yet obsessed with Latin
The first part isn't true. What I have noticed is that the Latin Mass generally attracts two demographics: intellectuals and blue collar men. Perhaps the latter gives rise to the myth of "uneducated." Intellectuals are attracted because they see the importance of a continuity of tradition and they drama of sanctity in the old rites. But the same is true for your blue collar men. These men are real men and they are unimpressed with 1970s jingles, the overly-familiar "Father Bob," and other fluffy elements found in contemporary music and liturgy.
Also, it doesn't seem that people are obsessed with Latin or posit magical properties to it. As someone once said, Latin and silence are the Roman liturgy what the iconostasis is in the Eastern liturgies. The human soul demands a separation between the profane and the sacred. There are other reasons for Latin (I cover a few reasons for Latin in my new book: The Eternal City - Rome & the Origins of Catholicism.)
ad 6. Amish Catholics or Bunker Catholics, which means that we must bunker down, circle the wagons, and wait patiently for the Three Days of Darkness.
When times are bleak, this is a dangerous temptation. We can feel that we must give up the positive call to evangelism because things are so bad. We can convince ourselves that our light must be placed under a bushel so as to not be snuffed out. While there are some who seek to revive an agrarian utopia of yesteryear, most are people studying, working, and living in the local community. Many of them are bringing people into the Catholic Church. Lots of converts.
ad 7. Jansenists in theology, which means that they are really Catholic Calvinists who believe that human nature is totally depraved. St Thomas Aquinas rightfully taught that grace perfects nature. Jansenists hold that grace gets rid of that nasty nature.
This is probably the most ridiculous, but I've been hearing it more and more frequently. The old heretics known as the Jansenists were down on devotion to the Saints, down on devotion to Mary, and down on devotion to the Sacred Heart. If anything, the priests and laity attached to the Latin Mass are the greatest enthusiasts for true devotion to the Rosary and the Sacred Heart. Also, Jansenism sought to have austere simplicity in the liturgy. A Solemn High Mass is anything but that!
People also need to know that Jansenism was a liturgical movement, but moving in the other direction of the Latin Mass. The Jansenists wanted vernacular Mass and Breviary, undecorated altars, candle sticks off the altar, whitewashed walls, removal of statues, and a decrease in private devotions.
What I've perceived is that if a priest preaches on hell, purgatory, contraception, divorce, or other difficult topics, he will be rumored as Jansenistic. Sermons on hell, especially, generally lead to allegations of Jansenism. My response is that we need to hear it.
To summarize, most of the stereotypes are not fully accurate but do in fact touch on elements, good or bad, in communities attached to the Extraordinary Form of the Latin Mass. To be honest I don't notice the stereotypes anymore. If I think about it, I can see it. However, they are more like surface features. They aren't of the essence. So let's turn to one final objection that does concern doubts over the essence of the Latin Mass: Lay Participation.
But What About the Latin and "Active Participation"?
The Latin Mass is like beer. You have to drink it in a few times to like it. My challenge would be for you to attend the Latin Mass for four Sundays in a row before making a decision. Give it that long. Here's why.
You will slowly make a shift in the way that you assist at Holy Mass. Your concept of Active Participation will transform in your heart. There is a lot of quiet "space" in the Latin Mass. The first time or so, you'll be sitting there doing nothing and thinking, "What's going on? Why aren't we doing anything?"
When you've reached that point, you're getting close. It's like drinking beer for the first time. "This tastes terrible? What's the hype? I don't understand." But then you come to realize that beer is more than just the taste.
You realize something is different. Your soul begins to focus silently on Christ crucified. You find yourself kneeling next to the Blessed Virgin Mary in stunned silence as the priest lifts Jesus Christ over his head. You enter into the silence. It's difficult to understand. You simply have to experience it.
True Active Participation
The Second Vatican Council did not promote active participation as clericalism. No, true active participation as promoted by the Council is modeled by the Blessed Virgin Mary. It means actively following the work of Christ on the cross with a humble and prayerful heart. Ask yourself, who was more "active" at the foot of the cross, the Roman soldiers or the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John, and Saint Mary Magdalene? Active participation is fulfilled by an inward disposition. This conforms to our conviction that God wants the heart more than he wants outward signs of piety.
So my challenge is to try out the Four Week Challenge. Attend the Latin Mass (only in communion with the Holy Father - avoid schismatic groups) for four weeks and give it a go. It's a different experience. I think you'll find it wonderful.
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